Things to Know About Vietnamese Gift-Giving Culture

Things to Know About Vietnamese Gift-Giving Culture

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Vietnamese Gift-Giving Culture – Vietnamese culture is rich in traditions and customs, and gift-giving holds a significant place in their society. Whether it’s for festivals, special occasions, or visits, the act of giving gifts in Vietnam is deeply rooted in their culture. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of Vietnamese gift-giving culture, including its importance, traditional gift choices, etiquette, and the meaning behind this gesture.

Understanding the Significance of Gift-Giving in Vietnam

Gift-giving in Vietnam is more than a mere exchange of material objects; it is a gesture that represents respect, gratitude, and good wishes. Vietnamese people believe that gifts create a bond between individuals, strengthening relationships and expressing care and affection. The act of giving and receiving gifts is deeply ingrained in their social interactions.

Traditional Vietnamese Gifts

Vietnamese culture is known for its unique traditional gifts that reflect the country’s rich heritage. Some popular traditional gifts include:

1. Ao Dai

The Ao Dai is a traditional Vietnamese dress that symbolizes elegance and grace. This exquisite garment is often gifted on special occasions and represents the beauty of Vietnamese culture.

2. Non La

The Non La, or conical hat, is an iconic symbol of Vietnam. It is often given as a gift to protect against the sun and rain and represents the rural lifestyle of the Vietnamese people.

3. Lacquerware

Lacquerware is a traditional Vietnamese craft known for its intricate designs and vibrant colors. These decorative items, such as bowls, vases, and paintings, make unique and beautiful gifts.

4. Silk Products

Vietnam is renowned for its silk production, and silk products make excellent gifts. Silk scarves, clothing, and accessories are highly valued for their quality and craftsmanship.

5. Handicrafts

Vietnamese handicrafts, such as wooden carvings, pottery, and embroidered items, showcase the skill and creativity of local artisans. These unique crafts are often gifted to convey appreciation and admiration.

Occasions for Gift-Giving

In Vietnamese culture, there are several occasions that call for the exchange of gifts. Some of the notable occasions include:

1. Tet Nguyen Dan (Lunar New Year)

Tet Nguyen Dan, or the Lunar New Year, is the most important and widely celebrated festival in Vietnam. It is a time for family reunions, and exchanging gifts is an integral part of the festivities.

2. Weddings

Weddings are joyous occasions in Vietnam, and gifts are given to the bride and groom as a symbol of good fortune and blessings for their future together.

3. Birthdays

Birthdays hold great significance in Vietnamese culture, and giving gifts to celebrate someone’s special day is a common practice.

4. Housewarmings

When someone moves into a new home, it is customary to bring a gift to congratulate and wish them good luck in their new residence.

5. Visiting Friends and Relatives

Visiting friends and relatives is an important part of Vietnamese culture, and it is customary to bring a small gift as a token of appreciation for their hospitality.

Etiquette and Customs

Vietnamese gift-giving is accompanied by certain etiquette and customs that should be followed to show respect and avoid any cultural misunderstandings. Some important aspects to consider include:

1. Presenting Gifts with Both Hands

When offering a gift, it is polite to use both hands as a sign of respect. This gesture shows that the gift is given with sincerity and goodwill.

2. Receiving Gifts

When receiving a gift, it is customary to accept it with both hands and express gratitude. It is considered impolite to open the gift immediately unless the giver insists.

3. Gift Wrapping

Gifts in Vietnam are usually wrapped in colorful paper or placed in decorative bags. The presentation of the gift is important, as it adds to the overall value and significance of the gesture.

4. Declining Gifts

In some cases, it is common for Vietnamese individuals to decline a gift initially as a form of politeness. However, it is appropriate to offer the gift a second time, and it will usually be accepted.

Symbolism and Superstitions

Vietnamese gift-giving is often accompanied by symbolism and superstitions. Some common beliefs include:

1. Lucky Colors

Red and gold are considered lucky colors in Vietnamese culture. Including these colors in the gift wrapping or choosing gifts in these hues is believed to bring good luck and fortune.

2. Avoiding Black and White

Black and white are associated with funerals and mourning in Vietnam. It is advisable to avoid wrapping gifts or choosing items in these colors, as they may be seen as inappropriate for happy occasions.

3. Number Four

The number four is considered unlucky in Vietnamese culture, as it sounds similar to the word for “death.” It is best to avoid giving gifts in sets of four or including four items.

Modern Trends in Vietnamese Gift-Giving

With globalization and modern influences, Vietnamese gift-giving practices have evolved over time. Some modern trends include:

1. Western-style Gifts

Western-style gifts, such as chocolates, wine, or perfumes, have become more common in Vietnam. These items are often appreciated by younger generations and in urban areas.

2. Personalized Gifts

Personalized gifts, such as customized accessories, engraved items, or photo albums, have gained popularity. These gifts add a personal touch and create a lasting impression.

3. Gift Cards and Vouchers

Gift cards and vouchers for popular stores or restaurants are becoming popular choices, allowing the recipient to choose a gift according to their preference.

Challenges and Considerations for Foreigners

Foreigners may encounter some challenges when navigating Vietnamese gift-giving customs. It is essential to be aware of cultural norms and practices to ensure a respectful exchange. Some considerations include:

1. Research and Respect Local Customs

Take the time to research and understand Vietnamese gift-giving customs to avoid any unintentional mistakes. Respect for local traditions will be appreciated by the Vietnamese people.

2. Seek Local Advice

If unsure about appropriate gifts or customs, seek advice from local friends or colleagues who can provide valuable insights and guidance.

3. Be Mindful of Cultural Sensitivities

Vietnamese culture places great importance on respect and modesty. Avoid extravagant or overly expensive gifts, as they may make the recipient feel uncomfortable.

The Art of Wrapping Gifts

The art of wrapping gifts is highly valued in Vietnamese gift-giving culture. The presentation of a gift is considered as important as the gift itself. Here are some tips on how to wrap gifts in the Vietnamese style:

  1. Colorful Wrapping Paper: Choose vibrant and eye-catching wrapping paper with traditional Vietnamese patterns or motifs. Colors such as red, gold, and yellow are commonly used as they symbolize luck and prosperity.
  2. Use Decorative Ribbons and Bows: Enhance the presentation of the gift by adding decorative ribbons and bows. These adornments not only add a touch of elegance but also signify the effort put into the gift.
  3. Incorporate Tassels and Trinkets: Attach small tassels or decorative trinkets to the gift as an extra embellishment. These little details contribute to the overall aesthetic appeal and make the gift more visually appealing.
  4. Include a Personalized Gift Tag: Write a personalized message or the recipient’s name on a gift tag and attach it to the wrapped gift. This adds a personal touch and makes the recipient feel special.
  5. Pay Attention to Details: Ensure that the wrapping is neat and well-presented. Take the time to fold the edges properly and secure them with tape or glue. A well-wrapped gift reflects thoughtfulness and care.

Remember, the act of unwrapping a gift is also cherished in Vietnamese culture. The anticipation and excitement of unwrapping a beautifully wrapped gift create a memorable experience for the recipient.

How to Choose the Perfect Gift

Selecting the perfect gift in Vietnamese culture requires careful thought and consideration. Here are some tips to help you choose a meaningful gift:

  1. Consider the Occasion: Tailor your gift choice to the specific occasion or event. Different occasions may call for different types of gifts, such as wedding gifts, birthday gifts, or gifts for festivals like Tet Nguyen Dan.
  2. Personalize the Gift: Add a personal touch to your gift to make it more meaningful. Consider the recipient’s hobbies, interests, or preferences when selecting a gift. Personalized gifts show that you have taken the time to understand and appreciate the individual.
  3. Emphasize Practicality: Vietnamese people value practical gifts that can be put to use in daily life. Useful items such as household appliances, kitchenware, or practical accessories are often well-received.
  4. Symbolism and Meaning: Explore gifts that carry symbolic meaning in Vietnamese culture. For example, the gift of a potted plant represents growth and prosperity, while a pair of mandarin oranges symbolizes good luck.
  5. Quality over Quantity: Focus on the quality of the gift rather than the quantity. Vietnamese people appreciate gifts that are well-made and durable. It is better to choose a single meaningful gift than multiple generic items.

Dos and Don'ts of Vietnamese Gift-Giving

Dos and Don’ts of Vietnamese Gift-Giving

When engaging in Vietnamese gift-giving, it is important to observe certain dos and don’ts to ensure cultural sensitivity and respect. Here are some guidelines to follow:


  1. Do wrap the gift beautifully and present it with both hands.
  2. Do show appreciation and gratitude when receiving a gift.
  3. Do give gifts with good intentions and sincerity.
  4. Do consider the recipient’s preferences, interests, and cultural background.


  1. Don’t give clocks or items associated with funerals, as they symbolize death.
  2. Don’t wrap gifts in black or white colors, as they are associated with mourning.
  3. Don’t give gifts that are too expensive or extravagant, as it may cause discomfort to the recipient.
  4. Don’t open a gift immediately after receiving it unless the giver insists.

The Meaning of Reciprocity

Reciprocity plays a significant role in Vietnamese gift-giving culture. When someone gives you a gift in Vietnam, it is customary to reciprocate the gesture in the future. This practice strengthens relationships and maintains harmony within the social fabric. The act of reciprocating a gift demonstrates your appreciation and acknowledges the bond between you and the giver. It is important to remember this principle when engaging in Vietnamese gift-giving customs.

Gift-Giving in Vietnamese Business Culture

Gift-giving is also prevalent in Vietnamese business culture. When doing business in Vietnam, it is customary to exchange gifts as a way to build and strengthen business relationships. Here are some key points to consider:

  1. Choose Appropriate Business Gifts: Select business gifts that align with Vietnamese cultural values and customs. Practical items such as branded pens, office accessories, or quality food products are commonly exchanged in the business context.
  2. Respect Hierarchy: When presenting a gift to someone of higher rank or seniority, it is important to show proper respect and deference. Choose a gift that reflects the individual’s status and position within the company.
  3. Present the Gift at an Appropriate Time: Find an appropriate moment to present the gift during a business meeting or event. It is advisable to present the gift towards the end of the meeting as a gesture of gratitude and respect.
  4. Follow Company Policies and Regulations: Some companies have specific guidelines regarding gift-giving. It is essential to adhere to these policies and regulations to maintain ethical business practices and avoid any conflicts of interest.

The Role of Gifts in Building Relationships

In Vietnamese culture, gift-giving is deeply intertwined with the building and nurturing of relationships. The act of giving a gift is seen as a way to show respect, care, and appreciation for others. Whether it is between family members, friends, or business associates, gifts play a significant role in fostering connections and creating a sense of goodwill.

Gift-Giving Etiquette in Vietnamese Weddings

Weddings are joyous occasions in Vietnam, and gift-giving is an integral part of the celebration. When attending a Vietnamese wedding, keep the following in mind:

  1. Monetary Gifts: It is customary to give a monetary gift in an envelope called “lì xì.” The amount of money is usually based on the closeness of the relationship and the guest’s financial capacity.
  2. Traditional Wedding Gifts: In addition to monetary gifts, traditional wedding gifts such as household items or gold jewelry are also appreciated. These gifts symbolize the start of a new life for the couple.
  3. Gift Presentation: The gift should be presented to the couple in person or placed on the gift table during the wedding reception. Avoid giving white flowers, as they are associated with funerals.


Gift-giving is an important aspect of Vietnamese culture, reflecting respect, appreciation, and the desire to strengthen relationships. By understanding the significance of gift-giving, the traditional gift choices, etiquette, and customs, you can engage in Vietnamese gift-giving with sensitivity and cultural awareness. Remember to choose gifts thoughtfully, wrap them beautifully, and embrace the spirit of reciprocity. Through the act of gift-giving, you can foster meaningful connections and create lasting memories.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. Q: Should I wrap my gift in red and gold colors? A: While red and gold are considered lucky colors, you can choose other vibrant colors that reflect joy and celebration. The key is to ensure that the wrapping is visually appealing and reflects the festive spirit.
  2. Q: Are there any specific superstitions I should be aware of when giving gifts in Vietnam? A: Yes, it is best to avoid the number four and gifts in black or white colors, as they are associated with negative connotations. Additionally, be mindful of cultural taboos and customs related to fun erals and superstitions.
  3. Q: Can I give personalized gifts in Vietnamese culture? A: Yes, personalized gifts are appreciated in Vietnamese culture as they show thoughtfulness and a personal touch. Consider customized items, engraved accessories, or photo albums to make the gift more meaningful.
  4. Q: Is it necessary to reciprocate gifts in Vietnamese culture? A: Yes, reciprocity is an important aspect of Vietnamese gift-giving culture. When someone gives you a gift, it is customary to reciprocate the gesture in the future to maintain harmonious relationships.
  5. Q: Are there any specific gift-giving customs in Vietnamese weddings? A: In Vietnamese weddings, it is common to give monetary gifts in red envelopes called “lì xì.” Traditional wedding gifts such as household items or gold jewelry are also appreciated. The gift should be presented in person or placed on the gift table during the wedding reception.



Now that you have a comprehensive understanding of Vietnamese gift-giving culture, you can engage in this beautiful tradition with respect, cultural sensitivity, and a genuine desire to build and strengthen relationships. Remember to choose your gifts thoughtfully, wrap them beautifully, and embrace the spirit of generosity. Through the act of gift-giving, you can create meaningful connections and foster lasting bonds.